• Follow us

Health

10 Ways to Lower the Cancer Risk of Grilling

Many people would be surprised to hear that grilling carries potential cancer risks. But each year, the American Institute for Cancer Research publishes guidance for “cancer-safe grilling,” cautioning consumers to avoid two types of compounds that have been tied to cancer. These compounds, called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and heterocyclic amines, get generated when food, especially meat, is cooked on a grill. They have not been proven to cause cancer in people, but lab studies have shown they alter DNA in a way that could lead to cancer.

“Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are formed when any kind of organic matter,” primarily fat that drips off meat and down into the grill grates, “gets burned, because the carbon inside is being combusted in the flames, and those hydrocarbons get carried up in the smoke,” said Rashmi Sinha, senior investigator in the Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics at the National Cancer Institute. The resulting smoke can envelop the meat and coat it in the potentially carcinogenic compounds.

The black char we’ve all seen on grill grates and grilled food? That’s the heterocyclic amines, or HCAs, which occur when high temperatures meet muscle meat, which includes red meat (pork, beef, lamb, goat), poultry (turkey, chicken) and fish. “Grilling — or even pan-frying — at these high temps causes amino acids found in the meat to react with another substance found in meat called creatine,” said Colleen Doyle, managing director of nutrition and physical activity at the American Cancer Society and a registered dietitian. Creatine is found only in muscle meat.

“It’s the reaction of those amino acids and the creatine that form the HCAs, which is why we don’t see HCAs formed when grilling asparagus, squash, peppers and other vegetables.”

As with most lifestyle choices related to dialing up or down one’s cancer risk, the dose makes the poison. Which means if you’re grilling once or twice a year, don’t sweat it. But if you plan to grill often — once or twice a week throughout the summer, say — experts suggest taking some small steps to make a big difference in lowering your exposure to these compounds.

1. Think outside the burger

Grill fish, seafood, poultry or plant-based foods rather than red meat and especially processed meats like hot dogs; the World Health Organization considers processed meats a carcinogen and red meat a probable carcinogen. While HCAs are still formed while grilling fish and seafood, Ms. Doyle pointed out that you typically don’t have to cook seafood as long as beef and chicken, which reduces the accumulation of the compounds.

2. Marinate first

Research suggests that marinating for at least 30 minutes can reduce the formation of HCAs on meat, poultry and fish. The reason for this is not entirely clear to researchers, but one possibility is a kind of shield effect. “If you put a barrier of basically sugar and oil between the meat and the heat, then that is what becomes seared instead of the meat,” said Nigel Brockton, vice president of research at the American Institute for Cancer Research. It also makes your meat more flavorful.

3. Make produce the star

Many kinds of fruits and vegetables are actually protective as far as cancer risk, and they don’t form HCAs when grilled. Several experts recommend using meat as a condiment. Think of alternating cubes of chicken with peppers and onions or peaches and pineapple on a skewer, for instance. This trick, which also works when pan frying, reduces the surface area of meat exposed to the hot surface, Dr. Brockton explained, since the meat is also touching other ingredients throughout the cooking process.

4. Leverage herbs and spices

According to Dr. Brockton, cooking your meat with herbs, spices, tea, chili peppers and the like — ingredients with phenolic compounds — can be a helpful approach because “it seems they quench the formation of the potentially carcinogenic compounds because of the antioxidant properties of those ingredients.”

5. Be mindful of the smoke itself

Try to minimize how much smoke you’re breathing in, the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health recommends as part of a helpful resource on healthy summer picnic practices.

6. Avoid char

The black, crispy crust that you often see on the bony edges of ribs or steak is more likely to contain a higher concentration of potentially carcinogenic compounds. Ms. Doyle also recommends cleaning the grill grates ahead of time, to remove any previously generated char.

7. Cut time on the grill

“The longer you cook something, the longer the chemical reaction is happening, the higher the amount of HCAs are formed,” Dr. Brockton said. If you partially precook your meat, such as by baking or cooking in the microwave, the layer of HCAs that gets formed won’t be as thick. The same goes for meat cut into smaller pieces, such as with kabobs, because it cooks faster. Grilling in foil can also help protect the food from smoke and speed up the cooking time, according to the Harvard resource on healthy picnics.

8. Select hardwoods instead of soft woods

“Types of wood can influence HCA formation,” Ms. Doyle said. “Hardwoods, such as hickory and maple, and charcoal all burn at lower temperatures than soft woods, such as pine. Cooking with wood that burns at a lower temperature is desirable.”

9. Reduce fuel for the fire

To minimize your exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, experts recommend selecting leaner cuts of meat or trimming any visible fat, which can lower the amount that drips down through the grates and comes back up in the smoke. To minimize dripping, Ms. Doyle suggests not piercing your meats while they’re on the grill.

10. Flip often

According to guidance from the National Cancer Institute, fewer HCAs are formed if you turn meat over frequently while cooking it on high heat.

Read More



Leave A Comment

More News

ABC News: Health

Trump, California governor spar over immigrant health care 2019-07-01 20:35:53California's Democratic governor has vowed to continue expanding taxpayer-funded health benefits to people living in the country illegally

Former USC gynecologist pleads not guilty to sex 2019-07-01 17:27:44The defense attorney for the former University of Southern California campus gynecologist charged with sexual assault says his client is suffering fro

Kentucky students lose appeal in chickenpox vaccination case 2019-07-01 14:17:06About two dozen Catholic school students and parents in Kentucky have lost their initial appeal in challenging a health department's efforts to contr

Funeral scheduled for detective who fought for Sept. 2019-07-01 12:26:40A funeral will be held Wednesday for a former New York City police detective who was a leader in the fight for the Sept. 11 Victim Compensation Fund

Correction: Snyder-Harvard story 2019-07-01 11:12:11Correction: Snyder-Harvard story

Outdoor smoking now banned in Sweden in certain 2019-07-01 04:08:56An outdoor smoking ban in Sweden in certain public places, including playgrounds and train station platforms, has taken effect

Trump administration agrees to delay health care rule 2019-06-30 08:50:12Trump administration agrees to postpone implementing "conscience" rule that would protect health care workers who object to procedures on moral or r

1 child dies, 3 sickened by E. coli 2019-06-30 01:19:29Authorities say E. coli bacteria encountered at the San Diego County Fair has killed one child and sickened three others

Flint hears from prosecutors who dropped water charges 2019-06-29 09:06:33Prosecutors who dropped charges against eight people in the Flint water scandal explain their decision in a public forum

Order: Abortions can continue at Missouri's lone clinic 2019-06-29 00:00:27A Missouri commissioner says the state's only abortion clinic can continue providing the service as a fight over its license plays out

US judge blocks Indiana 2nd trimester abortion procedure 2019-06-28 21:13:56A federal judge is blocking an Indiana law adopted this spring that aims to ban a second-trimester abortion procedure

Court lets stand Kentucky abortion law on ultrasounds 2019-06-28 19:29:56A federal appeals court says it won't reconsider a ruling that upheld a Kentucky law requiring doctors to perform ultrasounds and show fetal images t

NYT > Health

10 Ways to Lower the Cancer Risk of 2019-07-02 08:19:07If you plan to grill often experts suggest taking some small steps to make a big difference in lowering your exposure to compounds that are tied to ca

Scientists Took an M.R.I. Scan of an Atom 2019-07-02 05:22:45The hospital technology, typically used to identify human ailments, captured perhaps the world’s smallest magnetic resonance image.

10 Medical Myths We Should Stop Believing. Doctors, 2019-07-02 05:22:45Researchers identified nearly 400 common medical practices and theories that were contradicted by rigorous studies. Here are some of the most notable

Should We All Take the Slow Road to 2019-07-02 05:00:04Millennials are going on fewer dates, having less sex and marrying later. Do they know something about love that the rest of us don’t?

Risk for Dementia May Increase With Long-Term Use 2019-07-02 01:13:25Here’s what research suggests about a class of drugs called anticholinergics, which treat a wide range of ailments, from depression to bladder i

Reversing the Damage of a Stroke 2019-07-02 01:12:34For one patient, a decade of recovery took determination, persistence and the courage to weather repeated setbacks.

‘Pear-Shaped’ May Be Healthier Than ‘Apple-Shaped’ 2019-07-02 01:12:13Older women with more fat around the middle had a higher risk for heart disease compared to those with fat around the thighs.

A Probiotic for Obesity? 2019-07-02 01:11:56People with metabolic disorders may benefit from supplements of a common gut bacterium, a small pilot study suggests.

HPV Vaccine Proving Very Successful 2019-07-02 01:11:30The prevalence of cancer-causing HPV strains has dropped markedly in women who have been vaccinated.

How Do You Treat Positional Vertigo? 2019-07-02 01:11:01A common type of dizziness can be treated with a simple head maneuver.

Could a Gut Bacteria Supplement Make Us Run 2019-07-02 01:10:25Running a marathon ramps up levels of a gut bacteria that made mice run faster, but it’s unclear whether it would work in people.

Don’t Let the Bedbugs Bite 2019-07-02 01:10:06They have returned with a vengeance. Scientists are scrambling to find new ways to exterminate them.

Scientific American: Health

Mind and Body Benefit from Two Hours in 2019-07-01 20:18:00People who spent at least two hours outside—either all at once or totaled over several shorter visits—were more likely to report good heal

Cannabis Could Help Solve the Opioid Crisis 2019-07-01 09:00:00Not alone, but it could be part of the solution -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

Social Media Bots Deceive E-cigarette Users 2019-07-01 09:00:00Social media bots promote unproved benefits of e-cigarettes -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

Genomic Surveillance Could Make a Big Difference in 2019-07-01 09:00:00It can flag pathogens long before patients show up in clinics -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

Meet the Ebola Workers Battling a Virus in 2019-07-01 08:00:00Nature's Amy Maxmen reports from the front line of the crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

Mucus: The Body's Unsung Hero 2019-06-28 08:00:00The slimy stuff has a surprisingly wide array of beneficial biological functions -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

Democrats Divided on "Medicare for All" in First 2019-06-27 15:00:00Senator Elizabeth Warren and New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio were the only candidates in the first night in favor of eliminating private insurance

A Deeper Understanding of Breast Cancer 2019-06-27 07:00:00AI finds new insights into molecular tumor properties using images of cells and tissue -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

Going Barefoot Is Good for the Sole 2019-06-26 13:05:00Walking without shoes builds calluses, but that does not limit sensation -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

A Streamlined Pathway to Drug Approval 2019-06-26 07:00:00My son's case shows that an emphasis on patient experience data could foster drug development breakthroughs -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

Elite Runners' Microbes Make Mice Mightier 2019-06-24 23:25:00Mice that were fed bacteria isolated from elite athletes logged more treadmill time than other mice that got bacteria found in yogurt. -- Read more

Elite Athletes' Gut Bacteria Give Rodent Runners a 2019-06-24 13:30:00The chemical these bacteria produce appears to enhance athleticism -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

MedicineNet Daily News

AHA News: Summer Heat Brings Special Health Risks 2019-07-03 03:00:00Title: AHA News: Summer Heat Brings Special Health Risks for Pregnant WomenCategory: Health NewsCreated: 7/1/2019 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 7/

Gut Bacteria Supplements Might Boost Obese People's Health 2019-07-03 03:00:00Title: Gut Bacteria Supplements Might Boost Obese People's HealthCategory: Health NewsCreated: 7/1/2019 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 7/2/2019 12

Abuse, Injury More Likely When Child is With 2019-07-03 03:00:00Title: Abuse, Injury More Likely When Child is With Male Caregiver: StudyCategory: Health NewsCreated: 7/1/2019 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 7/2/

Add a Flavor Punch to Your Meals: Give 2019-07-03 03:00:00Title: Add a Flavor Punch to Your Meals: Give Pickled Veggies a TryCategory: Health NewsCreated: 7/2/2019 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 7/2/2019 1

Health Tip: IUD Fast Facts 2019-07-03 03:00:00Title: Health Tip: IUD Fast FactsCategory: Health NewsCreated: 7/2/2019 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 7/2/2019 12:00:00 AM

MS Linked to Higher Cancer Risk 2019-07-03 03:00:00Title: MS Linked to Higher Cancer RiskCategory: Health NewsCreated: 7/1/2019 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 7/2/2019 12:00:00 AM

Health Tip: Reducing PMS Symptoms 2019-07-03 03:00:00Title: Health Tip: Reducing PMS SymptomsCategory: Health NewsCreated: 7/2/2019 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 7/2/2019 12:00:00 AM

Soy's Heart Benefits Hold Steady Over Time, Review 2019-07-03 03:00:00Title: Soy's Heart Benefits Hold Steady Over Time, Review FindsCategory: Health NewsCreated: 7/1/2019 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 7/2/2019 12:0

Anti-Vaccine Movement a 'Man-Made' Health Crisis, Scientists Warn 2019-07-03 03:00:00Title: Anti-Vaccine Movement a 'Man-Made' Health Crisis, Scientists WarnCategory: Health NewsCreated: 7/2/2019 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 7/2

Packaged Vegetables Recalled by Growers Express 2019-07-03 03:00:00Title: Packaged Vegetables Recalled by Growers ExpressCategory: Health NewsCreated: 7/2/2019 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 7/2/2019 12:00:00 AM

Surgery Helps Babies Missing a Heart Chamber Survive, 2019-07-03 03:00:00Title: Surgery Helps Babies Missing a Heart Chamber Survive, But Problems LingerCategory: Health NewsCreated: 7/2/2019 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Revie

Cancer Risk Rises After Iodine Rx for Overactive 2019-07-03 03:00:00Title: Cancer Risk Rises After Iodine Rx for Overactive Thyroid: StudyCategory: Health NewsCreated: 7/1/2019 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 7/2/201

FOX News

Conjoined twins born sharing same heart in India: 2019-07-02 08:52:02The girls have not been named yet, but were born weighing a combined 8 pounds, 8 ounces.

Man wakes from 3-month coma, learns he's going 2019-07-01 10:27:17A 29-year-old man who woke from a 3-month-long coma to find out he was going to be a dad again said his infant daughter has given him the strength to

Florida woman dies after contracting flesh-eating bacteria infection 2019-07-01 09:57:05A family’s trip to the beach ended in tragedy after their 77-year-old grandmother fell into a small hole in the water and cut her leg.

Baby born weighing less than 2 pounds defies 2019-07-01 09:33:43He weighed less than a bag of flour.

Salmonella outbreak linked to fresh papayas sickens at 2019-06-30 09:19:43Dozens of people in eight U.S. states have been infected with a strain of salmonella after eating fresh papayas imported from Mexico, according to fed

How a face transplant helped suicide survivor get 2019-06-30 05:00:09Cameron Underwood was just a normal man in his 20s, enjoying an active life in California—on the outside.

Lone Star tick, known to cause red meat 2019-06-29 14:47:24The Lone Star tick, a type of tick that’s known to cause some people it bites to develop an allergy to red meat, has reportedly been found in no

Child exposed to E. coli at San Diego 2019-06-29 13:19:47At least one child has died and three others have been sickened after being exposed to E.coli at the San Diego County Fair, health officials said late

7 reasons why his sperm count is low 2019-06-29 05:00:24Low sperm counts are often caused by health and lifestyle factors, which you can control. 

Gillette recalls Venus disposable razors over high laceration 2019-06-28 14:27:19Gillette on Thursday announced a recall of some of its disposable Venus razors over a higher-than-normal laceration risk. 

'Porch pirates' return stolen wrestling belts to boy 2019-06-28 13:24:23They allegedly signed the letter, "Two idiots."

Wrestling fans urged to get tested for HIV, 2019-06-28 12:27:34The event featured a "fans bring the weapons match, a thumbtack match and a panes of glass match."


Disclaimer and Notice:WorldProNews.com is not responsible of these news or any information published on this website.